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Published on Feb 13, 2016

Abstract

The objective:

Which truss bridge (Warren, Pratt or Howe) will hold the most water? Hypothesis: Because of how the compressive and tension forces are handled by the vertical and diagonal beams in a Pratt Truss, I believe the Pratt Truss will hold the most weight compared to the Warren and Howe Truss.

Methods/Materials

Materials: Ruler; Graph Paper; Pencil; Small wood saw; Balsa wood; Hot glue or superglue; Supports; Bucket with handles; String with clips; Jug; Measuring jar (mL); Water.

Method:

1.Draw a full-scale, side-view drawing (on the graph paper) of each of the three trusses (Warren, Pratt and Howe)

2.Cut balsa wood to fit onto the bridge templates

3. Connect wood pieces with glue and let dry until bridge is firm

4.Repeat steps 2-3 to make 5 of each type of truss

5.Attach one clip to bucket, slip other clip through truss then put remaining clip on bucket.

6.Pour water slowly in intervals of 20 ml (1g=1 ml) and record how much weight bridge holds until it breaks

Results

After 3 trials of testing the Warren, Pratt and Howe Truss, the averages for each of the bridges are as follows- Warren-4733 mL Pratt-4896 mL, Howe-4776 mL

Conclusions/Discussion

My experiment clearly showed that the Pratt Truss on average held the most water out of the three trusses. On average, the Pratt Truss held about 100 more milliliters of water as compared to the Howe and Warren Truss.

This purpose of this experiment was to get an understanding of Which truss bridge (Warren, Pratt or Howe) will hold the most water?

Science Fair Project done By Payal A. Patel