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Published on Jan 16, 2016

Abstract

The objective: Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) is a widely used method for qualitative analysis to determine the number of components in a mixture, to determine the identity of two substances, or to monitor the progress of a reaction.

The more accurate high-performance TLC (HPTLC) is better suited for quantitative analysis. Unfortunately, HPTLC requires expensive equipment which most high schools and colleges cannot afford.

I demonstrate that if digital photography is combined with regular TLC, it can perform highly improved qualitative analysis as well as make accurate quantitative analysis possible.

Methods/Materials

This novel, "digitally-enhanced" TLC (DE TLC) is very easy to use. A fluorescent TLC plate is illuminated with UV light and a picture of the plate is taken with a digital camera. Then, on a computer, using either TLC

Analyzer, the public domain software I wrote, or common photo-editing software, one can quickly produce multi-spectral scans, densitograms, and calibration curves--output previously available only from more expensive equipment or complex procedures

Results

With high linearity (R^2 ~ 0.97 - 0.99), good repeatability RSD < 5%), and detection limits approaching those of HPTLC, DE TLC produces surprisingly good results for such inexpensive equipment..

Conclusions/Discussion

Digitally-Enhanced TLC is a valuable tool that can be added to every chemist's TLC toolbox. Since this technique is much less expensive than other quantitative chromatographic methods, DE TLC is ideal for high school and college labs.

This project developed an inexpensive technique using digital photography that is an alternative to a $30,000 piece of equipment for chemical analysis.

Science Fair Project done By Amber I. Hess